Located in the south of China, Guangzhou has played an important role as one of the main port cities for the Sea Silk Road with a long history of more than 2,000 years. With the development of the sea trade, Guangzhou is recorded to have business connections with countries form the Arab region in the far ancient Sui and Tang Dynasties. Guangzhou is recorded to be the place has the earliest introduction of Islam into China in the history.
When Muslim businessmen from the Arab region
travel to Guangzhou to do business in the Tang Dynasty, they started to
build mosques when they settled down in Guangzhou. The Guangzhou
Huaisheng Mosque constructed in the Tang Dynasty is recorded to be the
oldest mosque in China.
Later more mosques are built because of the increasingly religious needs. The existing major mosque in Guangzhou China include Huaisheng Mosque, Xianxian Mosque, Xiaodongying Mosque and Haopan Mosque.
Guangzhou Huaisheng Mosque
Huaisheng Mosque, also called as Guangta Mosque or Light Tower Mosque,
is located in Guangzhou city. It is one of the oldest mosques in China
and is one of the four most notable mosques in China with the other
three being Yangzhou Crane Mosque, Quanzhou Kylin Mosque and Hangzhou
Huaisheng Mosque was constructed in the purpose to
the memory of the prophet of Islam, Mohammed. As its name suggesting,
Huaisheng means “remembering the saint" in Chinese. Huaisheng Mosque was
firstly constructed in Tang Dynasty (618-907) and was rebuilt several
It covers a total area of 3,000 square meters with
buildings of the main hall, Wangyue Building, east and west galleries,
scripture-stored room, stele pavillion, Xuanli tower(Guangta or Light
Tower) and other facilities.
Facing south, Huangsheng Mosque was
built in the symmetrical layout of Chinese traditional style with styles
of West Asia in the decoration and colors. Its main hall, which is
situate din the center of the courtyard, occupies an area of 400 square
What stands the mosque most is the Light Tower. The marnet
is constructed with Arabic styles with a height of 36 meters. The tower
was built with green bricks in a round bottom and coated gray sands in
the surface. There are small holes in the body of the tower for
lighting. This light tower was used for the service of navigation for
ships on the Zhujiang River when sailors climbing up the tower for the
observation of weather conditions.
Even with a history of thousand
years, Huaisheng Mosque still plays an important role. It welcomes
thousands of Muslims every year and it is where the Guangzhou Islamic
Association seated. Tourists are allowed if they are Muslims.
Address, No. 56, Guangta Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou
Location, Near Zhongshan Sixth Road and Jiefang Road
Guangzhou Xianxian Mosque
Guangzhou Xianxian Mosque, located in Guihuagang, is a famous Islamic
historic site. It was first constructed during Tang Dynasty (618-907),
now it has a history more than 1,300 years. Xianxian Mosque covers an
area of 1,860 square meters with a construction area of 1,077 square
Xianxian Mosque is also called HuiHui Cemetery. It is
actually a cemetery for the honor 40 famous Arabic Muslim missionaries
who were buried in this cemetery.
The Guangzhou Xianxian Mosque is
a cemetery in garden style. It was surrounded with walls with prayer
hall, square pavilion, and wing-room inside. The three wing-rooms are
located in the west and the prayer hall situated in the north. There are
planted many trees and flowers inside the mosque. The cemetery was
constructed in arch style in the roof, resembling a hanging clock.
Whenever Muslims or tourists coming here to honor missionaries, sound
would be loud when talking or chanting and praying.
Mosque has a two-storeyed prayer hall, which is capable to hold a
capacity of 3,000 people to do prayer. Those halls and other facilities
inside the cemetery are all built in the style of Ming Dynasty. Today,
Xianxian Mosque still stands as a popular site for Muslims.
Address, 901 Jiefang North Road, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou
Location, Near Guihuagang
Guangzhou Haopan Mosque
The Guangzhou Haopan Mosque is one of the oldest existing mosques in
Guangzhou. It is situated in Haopan Street, Renmin Middle Road of
Guangzhou. Haopan Mosque covers an area of 1,491 square meters. It was
enlisted as a city and county level cultural relics protection unit in
Haopang Mosque was constructed in Ming Dynasty (1368-1644).
This mosque was built in the Southern garden style. But the existing
buildings of the mosque are the main hall and the gate. The gate was
built to face the south while the main hall was constructed to face the
east with a width of 18.8 meters and depth of 19.6 meters.
Southern garden style, the Haopan Mosque is quite outstanding in
architecture. There are exquisite carving in the pillars and beams
inside the hall. Haopan Mosque was used to serve as a public place for
Muslims to attend religious activities. Now it is only open to Muslims.
Address, 378 Rennin Middle Road, Happen Street, Yuexiu District, Guangzhou
Guangzhou Xiaodongying Mosque
Xiaodongying Mosque is one of the four mosques in Guangzhou located in
Xiaodongying Street of Guangzhou. It was first constructed in the
Chenghua Period of Ming Dynasty (1368-1644) and was renovated two times
at Qing Dynasty. Xiaodongying Mosque covers an area of 530 square meters
with a main hall of 153 square meters.
Xiaodongying Mosque has an
excellent cultural tradition as it has made great contribution and
provided ultra convenience for the development of Islam. It has served
as a place for church education since its construction. Xiaodongying
Mosque has set up Guangzhou Muslim YMCA and other organizations. It also
provides the service for funeral ceremony for Muslims.
Chinese traditional style, the main hall of Xiaodongying Mosque was
constructed in Chinese palace-style. Now the mosque contains 100
households of Muslims and has a total population of 300 people.
Address, 1, Xiaodongying, Yuehua Road, Guanghzou
Location, Near Guangzhou City Hall and Yuexiu Park
More muslim Guangzhou vacation package information here.